Acne is the most common skin condition in the United States affecting men and women of all ages. Acne can appear on the face, back, chest, shoulders and neck. Acne can cause significant scars if left untreated.
Acne is split into two categories non-inflammatory lesions and inflammatory lesions. Non-inflammatory lesions include comedones, which are created when the openings of hair follicles become blocked or clogged with oil secretions, dead skin cells, or bacteria. Inflammatory lesions include papules, pustules (pimples), nodules, and cysts.
Papules are small raised bumps that may be red and tender. They signal inflammation or infection in the hair follicles. Pustules are red, tender bumps with white pus at their tips. Nodules are large, solid, painful lumps beneath the surface of the skin. They develop by secretion deposit build up deep within the hair follicles. Cysts are painful, pus-filled lumps beneath the surface of the skin.
Acne usually begins in puberty, when increases in the production of hormones occur. However, heredity can also be a factor. The effects of acne can go beyond visible skin blemishes. The American Academy of Dermatology states that those with acne are an increased risk of self-esteem and self- image issues and depression.
Treatments for acne include oral antibiotics, topical medications, isotretinoin (accutane), chemical peels, acne surgery, and injections. Antibiotics help kill bacteria and reduce inflammation. For an appointment for acne treatment, contact the Center of Dermatology, P.C., in the Omaha area at 402-398-9200.